Esophageal atresia (EA) is a rare congenital condition (present at birth) in which the esophagus fails to connect to the stomach as it should and ends in a blind pouch instead. Some babies have a hole between the trachea and esophagus, called trachehoesophageal fistula, or TEF. These conditions can occur separately or together and may vary in severity, but babies with EA, TEF, or EA-TEF must undergo surgical repair as soon as possible upon birth. Without treatment, attempting to eat could cause babies to aspirate milk and stomach acid into the trachea and lungs.
Learn more about treatment for EA in the Spring 2014 issue of Healthpoints.