Angioplasty is a nonsurgical procedure to open up blocked or narrowed arteries.
Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is surgery that uses arteries or veins from other parts of the body to create new channels for blood to bypass the narrowed arteries. By restoring blood flow to the heart, CABG can relieve symptoms and potentially prevent a heart attack.
Hybrid Cardiac Surgery Options
In some cases, there may be an opportunity to combine minimally invasive cardiac surgery and coronary stenting to obtain a personalized, lasting, and lower risk surgery. In this case, robotic-assisted coronary bypass artery grafting through a small incision in the left chest is performed off-pump (left internal mammary artery to left anterior descending coronary artery bypass, LIMA-LAD), and coronary stenting of any other blockages is fixed at the same time through a catheter in the leg. Similarly in patients with combined coronary and valve disease, the coronary blockages are fixed with stents, and the valve is fixed with minimally invasive valve surgery. These procedures can reduce the overall risk of surgery, allow for smaller incisions, and decrease the length of hospital stay.