Diseases and disorders of the veins affect an estimated 80 million Americans, or about 40% of women and 20% of men overall. Vein disorders include a wide range:
- Small spider veins, which may cause cosmetic concerns with minimal symptoms;
- Larger bulging varicose veins, which may be both unsightly and symptomatic;
- Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), which is impaired vein function that can cause swelling, discoloration, and increased risk of infection and ulcers;
- Venous leg ulcers, which can be painful and difficult to heal;
- Deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which can present a life-threatening danger;
- Pelvic vein disease, also called pelvic congestion syndrome, which is the development of varicose veins in the pelvis.
While disease of the small veins may not pose a health risk, diseases of the larger veins can be serious or even life threatening. Serious vein disease can be present without significant symptoms. Patients with any signs of vein disease, or with vein disease who have had complications such as phlebitis, bleeding, ulcers or blood clots, should be evaluated for treatment in order to prevent progression to more dangerous forms of disease.